Clans may segment into … •The resulting units are called unilineal descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according to the prevailing descent rule. A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from a known apical ancestor. Definition of Unilineal Descent ( noun ) Tracing an individual’s descent either through the father ( patrilineal ) or mother ( matrilineal ), but never both. asked Jul 31, 2019 in Anthropology & Archaeology by Cheetos A) unilineal; moieties Unilineal descent.   Privacy Evolution of the Descent Group. Members of a society may use kinship terms without all being biologically related, a fact already evident in Morgan's the use of the term affinity within his concept of the "system of kinship". A phratry is a descent group composed of two or more clans each of whose apical ancestors are descended from a further common ancestor. The Hawaiian system of kinship terminology is usually associated with what type of descent? This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. Kinds of Descent Groups. Totemism. (p. 271) a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans 18. Term. a unilineal descent group consisting of a number of related clans. If only two such groups exist, each is a moiety. Phratry ; A unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans that claim to be of common ancestry. If only two such groups exist, each is a moiety. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent. Moiety. The most lasting of Morgan's contributions was his discovery of the difference between descriptive and classificatory kinship, which situates broad kinship classes on the b… She invites her sib-, lings, parents, both sets of grandparents, her great-aunts and great-uncles, their children, her, aunts, uncles, and their children. The group composed of such people to whom these individuals feel that they be-. A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent. A clan is a unilineal descent groups the members of which may claim either partilineal (Patrician) or matrilineal descent (Matriclan) from a founder, but do not know the genealogical ties with the ancestor/ancestress. Lineages can be matrilineal or patrilineal, depending on whether they are traced through mothers or fathers, respectively. d. Bilateral kinship. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Members of a society may use kinship terms without all being biologically related, a fact already evident in Morgan's the use of the term affinity within his concept of the "system of kinship". “Mother” refers to ego’s mother and mother’s sister; “father” refers to ego’s. Try our expert-verified textbook solutions with step-by-step explanations. •Individuals are relatives if they can trace descent through females to the same female ancestor. 18 Bilateral Kinship. Two larger kinds of descent groups are the phratry and the moiety. Phratry. Whether matrilineal or patrilineal descent is considered most significant differs from culture to culture. Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous, or out-marrying: marriage within the clan is forbidden and regarded as a form of incest. Unilineal descent •Many societies construct kinship groupings, roles, and relationships by tracing descent exclusively through the male - patrilineal - or female - matrilineal - line. (3) PHRATRY KINSHIP GROUP - A phratry consists of a conglomeration of clans whose members feel that they are closely related. Such groups have been known in all parts of the world and include some that claim the parentage or special protection of an animal, plant, or other object (see totem). A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. This very large family group’s founding ancestor is so remote genealogically that he or she is usually mythical. •Form of unilineal descent that follows a female line. d. Bilateral kinship. c. Ambilineal descent. Types of Unilineal Descent Groups ... Clan is a kin group that consists of members who are the unilineal descandents of a common ancestor whose identity is forgotten and hence remains fictitous.A clan is thus a larger kin group than the lineage and includes members belonging to many generations. 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